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8 Wintry Words to Defrost Your Vocabulary

grind

[grahynd] /graɪnd/
verb (used with object), ground or (Rare) grinded; grinding.
1.
to wear, smooth, or sharpen by abrasion or friction; whet:
to grind a lens.
2.
to reduce to fine particles, as by pounding or crushing; bray, triturate, or pulverize.
3.
to oppress, torment, or crush:
to grind the poor.
4.
to rub harshly or gratingly; grate together; grit:
to grind one's teeth.
5.
to operate by turning a crank:
to grind a hand organ.
6.
to produce by crushing or abrasion:
to grind flour.
7.
Slang. to annoy; irritate; irk:
It really grinds me when he's late.
verb (used without object), ground or (Rare) grinded; grinding.
8.
to perform the operation of reducing to fine particles.
9.
to rub harshly; grate.
10.
to be or become ground.
11.
to be polished or sharpened by friction.
12.
Informal. to work or study laboriously (often followed by away):
He was grinding away at his algebra.
13.
Slang. (in a dance) to rotate the hips in a suggestive manner.
Compare bump (def 11).
noun
14.
the act of grinding.
15.
a grinding sound.
16.
a grade of particle fineness into which a substance is ground:
The coffee is available in various grinds for different coffee makers.
17.
laborious, usually uninteresting work:
Copying all the footnotes was a grind.
18.
Informal. an excessively diligent student.
19.
Slang. a dance movement in which the hips are rotated in a suggestive or erotic manner.
Compare bump (def 20).
Verb phrases
20.
grind out,
  1. to produce in a routine or mechanical way:
    to grind out magazine stories.
  2. to extinguish by rubbing the lighted end against a hard surface:
    to grind out a cigarette.
Origin
950
before 950; Middle English grinden, Old English grindan; akin to Gothic grinda-, Latin frendere
Related forms
grindable, adjective
grindability, noun
grindingly, adverb
regrind, verb, reground, regrinding.
ungrindable, adjective
Synonyms
2. crush, powder, comminute, pound. 3. persecute, plague, afflict, trouble. 4. abrade.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for grind
  • Chop the dried mushrooms coarsely and grind to a fine powder in a spice mill or use a mortar and pestle.
  • In the bowl was a deep blue powder, made finer and finer with each grind of the pestle.
  • grind, mill or otherwise comminute the entire sample.
  • If you go to business conferences, you know that at lunch it is definitely better to be seated next to a prince than a grind.
  • Many football teams use that strategy to grind out small gains from the backfield.
  • Those who insist there is are suspect of having a secret axe to grind.
  • Buy spices whole and grind them as you need them, since they deteriorate quickly once ground.
  • Generally, users eat the buttons whole or grind them up into a powder that can be mixed into food or brewed into a tea.
  • Combine onion, garlic and ginger in food processor and grind to paste.
  • Those who succeed will find a life that's far removed from the grind of research universities.
British Dictionary definitions for grind

grind

/ɡraɪnd/
verb grinds, grinding, ground
1.
to reduce or be reduced to small particles by pounding or abrading: to grind corn, to grind flour
2.
(transitive) to smooth, sharpen, or polish by friction or abrasion: to grind a knife
3.
to scrape or grate together (two things, esp the teeth) with a harsh rasping sound or (of such objects) to be scraped together
4.
(transitive) foll by out. to speak or say (something) in a rough voice
5.
(transitive) often foll by down. to hold down; oppress; tyrannize
6.
(transitive) to operate (a machine) by turning a handle
7.
(transitive) foll by out. to produce in a routine or uninspired manner: he ground out his weekly article for the paper
8.
(transitive) foll by out. to continue to play in a dull or insipid manner: the band only ground out old tunes all evening
9.
(transitive) often foll by into. to instil (facts, information, etc) by persistent effort: they ground into the recruits the need for vigilance
10.
(intransitive) (informal) to study or work laboriously
11.
(intransitive) (mainly US) to dance erotically by rotating the pelvis (esp in the phrase bump and grind)
noun
12.
(informal) laborious or routine work or study
13.
(slang, mainly US) a person, esp a student, who works excessively hard
14.
a specific grade of pulverization, as of coffee beans: coarse grind
15.
(Brit, slang) the act of sexual intercourse
16.
(mainly US) a dance movement involving an erotic rotation of the pelvis
17.
the act or sound of grinding
See also grind in, grind on
Derived Forms
grindingly, adverb
Word Origin
Old English grindan; related to Latin frendere, Lithuanian gréndu I rub, Low German grand sand
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for grind
v.

Old English grindan "to rub together, grate, scrape," forgrindan "destroy by crushing" (class III strong verb; past tense grand, past participle grunden), from Proto-Germanic *grindanan (cf. Dutch grenden), related to ground, from PIE *ghrendh- "to grind" (cf. Latin frendere "to gnash the teeth," Greek khondros "corn, grain," Lithuanian grendu "to scrape, scratch"). Meaning "to make smooth or sharp by friction" is from c.1300. Most other Germanic languages use a verb cognate with Latin molere (cf. Dutch malen, Old Norse mala, German mahlen).

n.

late 12c., "gnashing the teeth," from grind (v.). The sense "steady, hard work" first recorded 1851 in college student slang (but cf. gerund-grinder, 1710); the meaning "hard-working student" is American English slang from 1864.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Slang definitions & phrases for grind

grind

noun
  1. : to wow the audience with her bumps and grinds (1940s+)
  2. : No one except a few notorious grinds studied that night (1864+ Students)
  3. : They heard the hawker go into his grind
  4. A hawker or barker (1925+ Circus)
  5. Any obnoxious or annoying person; jerk, a PAIN IN THE ASS, pill: The prof's a tedious old grind (1890+)
  6. Any very difficult and trying task, esp one that lasts a long time and is slowly and painfully done: Writing dictionaries is indeed a grind (1852+)
verb
  1. To rotate one's pelvis in the sex act or in imitation of the sex act •Nearly always in combination with bump: the strippers bumping and grinding away (1940s+)
  2. To study diligently: Five days to grind and two days to be social, the way it was at Yale (1864+ Students)
  3. To attract and address a crowd at a show or concession; spiel (1925+ Circus)
Related Terms

bump and grind, if you can't find 'em


The Dictionary of American Slang, Fourth Edition by Barbara Ann Kipfer, PhD. and Robert L. Chapman, Ph.D.
Copyright (C) 2007 by HarperCollins Publishers.
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grind in Technology

GRaphical INterpretive Display.
A graphics input language for the PDP-9.
["GRIND: A Language and Translator for Computer Graphics", A.P. Conn, Dartmouth, June 1969].
[Jargon File]
(1995-01-31)


1. (MIT and Berkeley) To prettify hardcopy of code, especially LISP code, by reindenting lines, printing keywords and comments in distinct fonts (if available), etc. This usage was associated with the MacLISP community and is now rare; prettyprint was and is the generic term for such operations.
2. (Unix) To generate the formatted version of a document from the nroff, troff, TeX, or Scribe source.
3. To run seemingly interminably, especially (but not necessarily) if performing some tedious and inherently useless task. Similar to crunch or grovel. Grinding has a connotation of using a lot of CPU time, but it is possible to grind a disk, network, etc.
See also hog.
4. To make the whole system slow. "Troff really grinds a PDP-11."
5. "grind grind" excl. Roughly, "Isn't the machine slow today!"
[Jargon File]
(1994-12-16)

The Free On-line Dictionary of Computing, © Denis Howe 2010 http://foldoc.org
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grind in the Bible

(Ex. 32:20; Deut. 9:21; Judg. 16:21), to crush small (Heb. tahan); to oppress the poor (Isa. 3:5). The hand-mill was early used by the Hebrews (Num. 11:8). It consisted of two stones, the upper (Deut. 24:6; 2 Sam. 11:21) being movable and slightly concave, the lower being stationary. The grinders mentioned Eccl. 12:3 are the teeth. (See MILL.)

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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Idioms and Phrases with grind

grind

In addition to the idiom beginning with
grind
The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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7
9
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