gyrfalcon

[jur-fawl-kuhn, -fal-, -faw-kuhn]
noun
a large falcon, Falco rusticolus, of arctic and subarctic regions, having white, gray, or blackish color phases: now greatly reduced in number.
Also, gerfalcon.


Origin:
1300–50; Middle English gerfaucon, jerfacoun < Middle French, Old French, equivalent to ger- (perhaps < Old High German giri greedy) + faucon falcon; compare Old Norse geirfalki

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World English Dictionary
gyrfalcon or gerfalcon (ˈdʒɜːˌfɔːlkən, -ˌfɔːkən, ˈdʒɜːˌfɔːlkən, -ˌfɔːkən)
 
n
a very large rare falcon, Falco rusticolus, of northern and arctic regions: often used for hunting
 
[C14: from Old French gerfaucon, perhaps from Old Norse geirfalki, from geirr spear + falki falcon]
 
gerfalcon or gerfalcon
 
n
 
[C14: from Old French gerfaucon, perhaps from Old Norse geirfalki, from geirr spear + falki falcon]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

gyrfalcon
1209, from O.Fr. gerfauc, probably from Frankish, from P.Gmc. *ger (cf. O.H.G. gir "vulture") + L. falco "hawk." Folk etymology connects it with L. gyrus (see gyre) in reference to "circling" in the air.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
Gyrfalcon nesting territory occupancy and reproductive success.
Common raven build stick nests under the bridge, which are used by gyrfalcon some years.
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