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heave

[heev] /hiv/
verb (used with object), heaved or (especially Nautical) hove; heaving.
1.
to raise or lift with effort or force; hoist:
to heave a heavy ax.
2.
to throw, especially to lift and throw with effort, force, or violence:
to heave an anchor overboard; to heave a stone through a window.
3.
Nautical.
  1. to move into a certain position or situation:
    to heave a vessel aback.
  2. to move in a certain direction:
    Heave the capstan around! Heave up the anchor!
4.
to utter laboriously or painfully:
to heave a sigh.
5.
to cause to rise and fall with or as with a swelling motion:
to heave one's chest.
6.
to vomit; throw up:
He heaved his breakfast before noon.
7.
to haul or pull on (a rope, cable, line, etc.), as with the hands or a capstan:
Heave the anchor cable!
verb (used without object), heaved or (especially Nautical) hove; heaving.
8.
to rise and fall in rhythmically alternate movements:
The ship heaved and rolled in the swelling sea.
9.
to breathe with effort; pant:
He sat there heaving and puffing from the effort.
10.
to vomit; retch.
11.
to rise as if thrust up, as a hill; swell or bulge:
The ground heaved and small fissures appeared for miles around.
12.
to pull or haul on a rope, cable, etc.
13.
to push, as on a capstan bar.
14.
Nautical.
  1. to move in a certain direction or into a certain position or situation:
    heave about; heave alongside; heave in stays.
  2. (of a vessel) to rise and fall, as with a heavy beam sea.
noun
15.
an act or effort of heaving.
16.
a throw, toss, or cast.
17.
Geology. the horizontal component of the apparent displacement resulting from a fault, measured in a vertical plane perpendicular to the strike.
18.
the rise and fall of the waves or swell of a sea.
19.
heaves, (used with a singular verb). Also called broken wind. Veterinary Pathology. a disease of horses, similar to asthma in human beings, characterized by difficult breathing.
Verb phrases
20.
heave down, Nautical. to careen (a vessel).
21.
heave out, Nautical.
  1. to shake loose (a reef taken in a sail).
  2. to loosen (a sail) from its gaskets in order to set it.
22.
heave to,
  1. Nautical. to stop the headway of (a vessel), especially by bringing the head to the wind and trimming the sails so that they act against one another.
  2. to come to a halt.
Idioms
23.
heave ho, (an exclamation used by sailors, as when heaving the anchor up.)
24.
heave in sight, to rise to view, as from below the horizon:
The ship hove in sight as dawn began to break.
25.
heave the lead. lead2 (def 16).
Origin
900
before 900; Middle English heven, variant (with -v- from simple past tense and past participle) of hebben, Old English hebban; cognate with German heben, Old Norse hefja, Gothic hafjan; akin to Latin capere to take
Related forms
heaver, noun
heaveless, adjective
unheaved, adjective
Synonyms
1. elevate. See raise. 2. hurl, pitch, fling, cast, sling. 11. surge, billow.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples for heaved
  • The hunters screamed at each other, the seas heaved and the boats drifted toward the fierce cliffs.
  • As the magnet is heaved by the waves, its magnetic field moves along the stationary coil of copper wire.
  • Replacement of damaged, heaved and/or dangerous sections of public sidewalk at no cost to the homeowner.
  • Workers inside had little time to escape as pressure waves heaved concrete floors, blasted brick walls, and collapsed stairwells.
  • These are areas of open water or thin ice where the ice has cracked and heaved due to expansion from freezing.
  • The tread logs eventually heaved up or sank, creating severe cross slopes in the tread.
  • Any concrete curb and gutter and driveway aprons that are cracked, heaved or trapping water will be replaced as necessary.
  • Their precious mining supplies were heaved over the side of the ship carelessly, landing with a crash on the barges below.
  • In that area ice has been heaved onto waterfront property and in some cases damaged boats and docks.
  • As the restless land heaved upward, these formations were pushed above the level of the former ocean bed.
British Dictionary definitions for heaved

heave

/hiːv/
verb heaves, heaving, heaved (mainly nautical) hove
1.
(transitive) to lift or move with a great effort
2.
(transitive) to throw (something heavy) with effort
3.
to utter (sounds, sighs, etc) or breathe noisily or unhappily to heave a sigh
4.
to rise and fall or cause to rise and fall heavily
5.
(past tense and past participle hove) (nautical)
  1. to move or cause to move in a specified way, direction, or position to heave in sight
  2. (intransitive) (of a vessel) to pitch or roll
6.
(transitive) to displace (rock strata, mineral veins, etc) in a horizontal direction
7.
(intransitive) to retch
noun
8.
the act or an instance of heaving
9.
a fling
10.
the horizontal displacement of rock strata at a fault
Derived Forms
heaver, noun
Word Origin
Old English hebban; related to Old Norse hefja, Old Saxon hebbian, Old High German heffen to raise, Latin capere to take, Sanskrit kapatī two hands full
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for heaved
heave
O.E. hebban "to lift, raise" (class VI strong verb; past tense hof, pp. hafen), from P.Gmc. *khafjanan (cf. O.N. hefja, Du. heffen, Ger. heben, Goth. hafjan), from PIE *kap- "seize;" related to O.E. habban "to hold, possess." Sense of "retch, make an effort to vomit" is first attested 1601. Nautical heave-ho was a chant in lifting.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Slang definitions & phrases for heaved

heave

noun

A shelter: Heave. Any shelter used by a policeman to avoid the elements (1950s+ Police)

verb

To vomit; barf (1868+)


The Dictionary of American Slang, Fourth Edition by Barbara Ann Kipfer, PhD. and Robert L. Chapman, Ph.D.
Copyright (C) 2007 by HarperCollins Publishers.
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13
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