Hinayana

Hinayana

[hee-nuh-yah-nuh]
noun
earlier of the two great schools of Buddhism, still prevalent in Sri Lanka, Burma, Thailand, and Cambodia, emphasizing personal salvation through one's own efforts.
Also called Theravada.
Compare Mahayana.


Origin:
1865–70; < Sanskrit, equivalent to hīna lesser, inferior + yāna vehicle

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Hinayana (ˌhiːnəˈjɑːnə)
 
n
a.  any of various early forms of Buddhism
 b.  (as modifier): Hinayana Buddhism
 
[from Sanskrit hīnayāna, from hīna lesser + yāna vehicle]
 
Hina'yanist
 
n
 
Hinaya'nistic
 
adj

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