city, west-central Israel. It lies on the Plain of Sharon near the Mediterranean Sea, just south of Tel Aviv-Yafo. A part of the Tel Aviv-Yafo metropolitan area, Holon resulted from the union and incorporation of several district residential settlements, the earliest dating from 1925. During the Arab-Israeli War of 1948-49, Holon was attacked by Arab snipers from the hill of Tall ar-Rish, between the residential quarters and Jaffa (now Yafo) to the northwest. The Arab position did not fall until the surrender of Jaffa on May 13, 1948
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