Japanese porcelain made at the Arita kilns in Hizen province. Among the Arita porcelains are white glazed wares, pale gray-blue or gray-green glazed wares known as celadons, black wares, and blue-and-white wares with underglaze painting, as well as overglaze enamels. Following the late 16th-century expansion of glazed ceramic production, porcelain-like wares were introduced. Manufacture is said to date from 1616, when porcelain clays were discovered in Arita by Korean craftsmen under the master potter Ri Sampei (Yi Sam-p'yong). An advanced type of continuous step-chamber kiln, necessary for porcelain production, made it possible to achieve an efficient method of mass production.
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