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infant

[in-fuh nt] /ˈɪn fənt/
noun
1.
a child during the earliest period of its life, especially before he or she can walk; baby.
2.
Law. a person who is not of full age, especially one who has not reached the age of 18 years; a minor.
3.
a beginner, as in experience or learning; novice:
The new candidate is a political infant.
4.
anything in the first stage of existence or progress.
adjective
5.
of or relating to infants or infancy:
infant years.
6.
being in infancy:
an infant king.
7.
being in the earliest stage:
an infant industry.
8.
of or relating to the legal state of infancy; minor.
Origin
1350-1400
1350-1400; < Latin infant- (stem of infāns) small child, literally, one unable to speak, equivalent to in- in-3 + -fāns, present participle of fārī to speak; replacing Middle English enfaunt < Anglo-French < Latin, as above
Related forms
infanthood, noun
infantlike, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for infants
  • Hypoglycemia is a common problem in critically ill or extremely low birthweight infants.
  • However, it is a common practice for both infants and adults.
  • infants respond to stimuli differently when in these different states.
  • Object permanence is an important stage of cognitive development for infants.
  • There have, however, been some reports of selflimiting effects on newborn infants.
  • In infants, it is sometimes administered intramuscularly for the treatment of pneumonias.
  • Honey, corn syrup, and other sweeteners are potentially dangerous for infants.
  • This is the primary cause of death to potter syndrome infants secondary to renal failure.
  • infants first interact with their immediate family, then with extended family.
British Dictionary definitions for infants

infant

/ˈɪnfənt/
noun
1.
a child at the earliest stage of its life; baby
2.
(law) another word for minor (sense 10)
3.
(Brit) a young schoolchild, usually under the age of seven
4.
a person who is beginning or inexperienced in an activity
5.
(modifier)
  1. of or relating to young children or infancy
  2. designed or intended for young children
adjective
6.
in an early stage of development; nascent: an infant science or industry
7.
(law) of or relating to the legal status of infancy
Derived Forms
infanthood, noun
Word Origin
C14: from Latin infāns, literally: speechless, from in-1 + fārī to speak
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for infants

infant

n.

late 14c., "child during earliest period of life" (sometimes extended to age 7 and sometimes including a fetus), from Latin infantem (nominative infans) "young child, babe in arms," noun use of adjective meaning "not able to speak," from in- "not, opposite of" (see in- (1)) + fans, present participle of fari "speak" (see fame (n.)). As an adjective, 1580s, from the noun.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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infants in Medicine

infant in·fant (ĭn'fənt)
n.
A child in the earliest period of life, especially before he or she can walk.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Word Value for infants

10
12
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