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inhibit

[in-hib-it] /ɪnˈhɪb ɪt/
verb (used with object)
1.
to restrain, hinder, arrest, or check (an action, impulse, etc.).
2.
to prohibit; forbid.
3.
Psychology. to consciously or unconsciously suppress or restrain (psychologically or sociologically unacceptable behavior).
4.
Chemistry. to decrease the rate of action of or stop (a chemical reaction).
Origin
late Middle English
1425-1475
1425-75; late Middle English inhibiten < Latin inhibitus, past participle of inhibēre to restrain, equivalent to in- in-2 + -hibēre, combining form of habēre to have, hold
Related forms
inhibitable, adjective
inhibitory
[in-hib-i-tawr-ee, -tohr-ee] /ɪnˈhɪb ɪˈtɔr i, -ˌtoʊr i/ (Show IPA),
inhibitive, adjective
interinhibitive, adjective
noninhibitive, adjective
noninhibitory, adjective
overinhibit, verb (used with object)
subinhibitory, adjective
uninhibiting, adjective
Synonyms
1. repress, discourage, obstruct. 2. interdict. See forbid.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for inhibitory
  • The relationship of calcium, arginine, and glucose to gastric inhibitory polypeptide augmentation of insulin secretion.
  • By adding a different gene, they generated inhibitory neurons, which dampen cell activity.
  • However, even with the inhibitory genes shut off, damaged nerve cells still face a chemical environment hostile to regrowth.
  • But a scarred uterine wall can't release enough inhibitory signals, so the placenta invades and destroys the uterine wall.
  • When that action led to failure, the inhibitory areas put an immediate stop to the mental simulation.
  • Even a second of advance warning can give your brain added inhibitory power, research suggests.
British Dictionary definitions for inhibitory

inhibit

/ɪnˈhɪbɪt/
verb (transitive) -its, -iting, -ited
1.
to restrain or hinder (an impulse, a desire, etc)
2.
to prohibit; forbid
3.
to stop, prevent, or decrease the rate of (a chemical reaction)
4.
(electronics)
  1. to prevent the occurrence of (a particular signal) in a circuit
  2. to prevent the performance of (a particular operation)
Derived Forms
inhibitable, adjective
inhibitive, inhibitory, adjective
Word Origin
C15: from Latin inhibēre to restrain, from in-² + habēre to have
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for inhibitory
adj.

late 15c., from Medieval Latin inhibitorius, from past participle stem of Latin inhibere (see inhibition).

inhibit

v.

early 15c., "to forbid, prohibit," back-formation from inhibition or else from Latin inhibitus, past participle of inhibere "to hold in, hold back, keep back" (see inhibition). Psychological sense (1876) is from earlier, softened meaning of "restrain, check, hinder" (1530s). Related: Inhibited; inhibiting.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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inhibitory in Medicine

inhibit in·hib·it (ĭn-hĭb'ĭt)
v. in·hib·it·ed, in·hib·it·ing, in·hib·its

  1. To hold back; restrain.

  2. To suppress or restrain a behavioral process, an impulse, or a desire consciously or unconsciously.

  3. To prevent or decrease the rate of a chemical reaction.

  4. To decrease, limit, or block the action or function of something in the body, as an enzyme or organ.


in·hib'i·to'ry (-tôr'ē) adj.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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