insurgent

[in-sur-juhnt]
noun
1.
a person who rises in forcible opposition to lawful authority, especially a person who engages in armed resistance to a government or to the execution of its laws; rebel.
2.
a member of a section of a political party that revolts against the methods or policies of the party.
adjective
3.
of or characteristic of an insurgent or insurgents.
4.
surging or rushing in: The insurgent waves battered the shore.

Origin:
1755–65; < Latin insurgent- (stem of insurgēns) present participle of insurgere to get up, ascend, rebel. See in-2, surge, -ent


3. rebellious, revolutionary, mutinous.
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World English Dictionary
insurgent (ɪnˈsɜːdʒənt)
 
adj
1.  rebellious or in revolt, as against a government in power or the civil authorities
 
n
2.  a person who takes part in an uprising or rebellion; insurrectionist
3.  international law a person or group that rises in revolt against an established government or authority but whose conduct does not amount to belligerency
 
[C18: from Latin insurgēns rising upon or against, from insurgere to rise up, from surgere to rise]
 
in'surgency
 
n

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

insurgent
"one who rises in revolt," 1765, from L. insurgentem (nom. insurgens), prp. of insurgere "rise up, rise against, revolt," from in- "against" + surgere "to rise" (see surge). An obsolete verb insurge "to rise in opposition or insurrection" is attested from 1535.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
Then came a series of events last month that suggested all-out collusion with
  the insurgents.
If insurgents are successfully using surface-to-air missiles, that would be
  significant.
Insurgents sought ransoms to draw attention to political grievances and to make
  cash.
These volunteers are armed and local, which makes them well-placed to spot any
  insurgents in their midst.
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