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Jim Crow

noun
1.
a practice or policy of segregating or discriminating against blacks, as in public places, public vehicles, or employment.
2.
Disparaging and Offensive. a contemptuous term used to refer to a black person.
Also, jim crow.
Origin
1830-1840
1830-40, Americanism; so called from the name of a song sung by Thomas Rice (1808-60) in a minstrel show

Jim-Crow

[jim-kroh] /ˈdʒɪmˈkroʊ/
adjective
1.
favoring or supporting Jim Crow.
2.
for blacks only:
a Jim-Crow school.
Also, jim-crow.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for Jim Crow

jim crow

/ˈdʒɪm ˈkrəʊ/
noun (often capitals) (US)
1.
  1. the policy or practice of segregating Black people
  2. (as modifier): jim-crow laws
2.
  1. a derogatory term for a Black person
  2. (as modifier): a jim-crow saloon
3.
an implement for bending iron bars or rails
4.
a crowbar fitted with a claw
Derived Forms
jim-crowism, noun
Word Origin
C19: from Jim Crow, name of song used as the basis of an act by Thomas Rice (1808–60), American entertainer
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for Jim Crow

"black person," 1838, American English, originally the name of a black minstrel character in a popular song-and-dance act by T.D. Rice (1808-1860) that debuted 1828 and attained national popularity by 1832:

Wheel about, an' turn about, an' do jis so;
Eb'ry time I wheel about, I jump Jim Crow.
Where and how Rice got it, or wrote it, is a mystery. Even before that, crow (n.) had been a derogatory term for a black man. Association with segregation dates from 1842, in reference to a railroad car for blacks. Modern use as a type of racial discrimination is from 1943. In mid-19c., Jim Crow also could be a reference to someone's change of (political) principles (from the "jump" in the song).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Jim Crow in Culture

Jim Crow definition


A descriptive term for the segregation of institutions, businesses, hotels, restaurants, and the like. It also refers to the laws that required racial segregation.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Slang definitions & phrases for Jim Crow

Jim Crow

modifier

: Jim Crow laws

noun phrase
  1. A black man; African-American (1828+)
  2. Segregation and discrimination against black people, and the laws and practices that accompany them: My first experience with Jim Crow/ Jim Crow killed Bessie Smith (1940s+)
verb

: I would like to say that the people who Jim Crow me have a white heart

[fr a character in a minstrel-show song by T D Rice]


The Dictionary of American Slang, Fourth Edition by Barbara Ann Kipfer, PhD. and Robert L. Chapman, Ph.D.
Copyright (C) 2007 by HarperCollins Publishers.
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