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jimson weed

[jim-suh n] /ˈdʒɪm sən/
noun
1.
a coarse, rank-smelling weed, Datura stramonium, of the nightshade family, having oaklike, poisonous leaves and tubular white or lavender flowers.
Also, jimpson weed
[jimp-suh n] /ˈdʒɪmp sən/ (Show IPA),
Jimson weed.
Origin
1805-1815
1805-15, Americanism; variant of Jamestown weed, after Jamestown, Virginia
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for jimpson weeds

jimson weed

/ˈdʒɪmsən/
noun
1.
(US & Canadian) a poisonous solanaceous plant, Datura stramonium, of the N hemisphere, having white funnel-shaped flowers and spiny capsule fruits Also called (in Britain and certain other countries) thorn apple
Word Origin
C17: from earlier Jamestown weed, from Jamestown, Virginia
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for jimpson weeds

jimson weed

n.

also jimsonweed, 1812, American English, shortening of Jamestown-weed (1680s), from Jamestown, Virginia colony, where it was discovered by Europeans (1676), when British soldiers mistook it for an edible plant and subsequently hallucinated for 11 days.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Encyclopedia Article for jimpson weeds

Jimson weed

annual, herbaceous, tropical plant (Datura stramonium) of the potato family (Solanaceae) that has become an introduced weed throughout much of the Northern Hemisphere. The plant was used by Algonquin Indians in eastern North America as a hallucinogen and intoxicant. The leaves contain potent alkaloids (hyoscamine and hyoscine), and the plant has been used to develop a drug (stramonium) for treating asthma.

Learn more about Jimson weed with a free trial on Britannica.com
Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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