noun Judaism.
a member of a sect, founded in Persia in the 8th century a.d. by the religious leader Anan ben David, that rejected the Talmud and the teachings of the rabbis in favor of strict adherence to the Bible as the only source of Jewish law and practice.
Compare Rabbinite.

1720–30; < Hebrew qarāʿ(īm) (equivalent to qarā Biblical scholar, literally, reader + īm plural suffix) + -ite1

Karaism [kar-uh-iz-uhm] , Karaitism [kar-uh-ahy-tiz-uhm] , noun
Karaitic [kar-uh-it-ik] , adjective
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
Karaite (ˈkɛərəˌaɪt)
1.  a member of a Jewish sect originating in the 8th century ad, which rejected the Talmud, favoured strict adherence to and a literal interpretation of the Bible, and attempted to deduce a code of life from it
2.  of, relating to, or designating the Karaite sect
[C18: from Hebrew qāraīm members of the sect, scripturalists, from qārā to read]

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