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city, east-central Haryana state, northwestern India. It lies along the west bank of the Yamuna River and is just east of the Western Yamuna Canal. The name is said to be derived from that of Karna, a warrior in the ancient epic poem the Mahabharata and the town's legendary founder. Connected by road and rail with Delhi (south) and Amritsar (northwest), Karnal is an important trade centre for grain, salt, metal, and cotton. Its industries include vegetable-oil and saltpetre refining, liquor and perfume distilling, and light manufacturing. A horse fair is held annually.