town, south-central North-West Frontier Province, Pakistan. The town lies just north of the Kohat Toi River at the entrance to the Kohat Pass, through which a military road was opened in 1901. The new town lies at some distance from the original 14th-century town, traditionally said to have been founded by the Buddhist raja Kohat. It is connected by rail with Thal and the main rail (Peshawar-Karachi) line via Jand, across the Indus River, and by road with Peshawar (30 miles [50 km] north), Rawalpindi, and Bannu. Products manufactured in Kohat include lungis (cotton loincloths), turbans, textiles, shoes, and leather goods. Incorporated as a municipality in 1873, it has a hospital, a library, and a government college affiliated with the University of Peshawar. Pop. (1998 prelim.) including cantonment, 125,271.
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