noun, plural laparotomies. Surgery.
incision through the abdominal wall.
incision into the loin, especially for access to the abdominal cavity.

1875–80; laparo- + -tomy Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
laparotomy (ˌlæpəˈrɒtəmɪ)
n , pl -mies
1.  surgical incision through the abdominal wall, esp to investigate the cause of an abdominal disorder
2.  surgical incision into the loin
[C19: from Greek lapara flank, from laparos soft + -tomy]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

laparotomy lap·a·rot·o·my (lāp'ə-rŏt'ə-mē)

  1. Surgical incision into the abdominal cavity through the loin or flank.

  2. See celiotomy.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
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