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lent

[lent] /lɛnt/
verb
1.
simple past tense and past participle of lend.
Related forms
unlent, adjective
well-lent, adjective

Lent

[lent] /lɛnt/
noun
1.
(in the Christian religion) an annual season of fasting and penitence in preparation for Easter, beginning on Ash Wednesday and lasting 40 weekdays to Easter, observed by Roman Catholic, Anglican, and certain other churches.
Origin
1000
before 1000; Middle English lente(n), Old English lencten, lengten spring, Lent, literally, lengthening (of daylight hours); cognate with Dutch lente, German Lenz spring; see Lenten
Related forms
post-Lent, adjective

-lent

1.
a suffix occurring in loanwords from Latin, variant of -ulent:
pestilent.

lend

[lend] /lɛnd/
verb (used with object), lent, lending.
1.
to grant the use of (something) on condition that it or its equivalent will be returned.
2.
to give (money) on condition that it is returned and that interest is paid for its temporary use.
3.
to give or contribute obligingly or helpfully:
to lend one's aid to a cause.
4.
to adapt (oneself or itself) to something:
The building should lend itself to inexpensive remodeling.
5.
to furnish or impart:
Distance lends enchantment to the view.
verb (used without object), lent, lending.
6.
to make a loan.
Idioms
7.
lend a hand, to give help; aid:
If everyone lends a hand, we can have dinner ready in half an hour.
Origin
before 900; Middle English lenden, variant (orig. past tense) of lenen, Old English lǣnan (cognate with Dutch lenen, German lehnen, Old Norse lāna), derivative of lǣn loan; cognate with German Lehnen, Old Norse lān. See loan1
Related forms
lender, noun
interlend, verb, interlent, interlending.
overlend, verb, overlent, overlending.
relend, verb (used with object), relent, relending.
Can be confused
borrow, lend, loan (see usage note at loan)
lend, loan.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for lent

lent

/lɛnt/
verb
1.
the past tense and past participle of lend

Lent

/lɛnt/
noun
1.
(Christianity) the period of forty weekdays lasting from Ash Wednesday to Holy Saturday, observed as a time of penance and fasting commemorating Jesus' fasting in the wilderness
2.
(modifier) falling within or associated with the season before Easter: Lent observance
3.
(pl) (at Cambridge University) Lent term boat races
Word Origin
Old English lencten, lengten spring, literally: lengthening (of hours of daylight)

lend

/lɛnd/
verb lends, lending, lent (lɛnt)
1.
(transitive) to permit the use of (something) with the expectation of return of the same or an equivalent
2.
to provide (money) temporarily, often at interest
3.
(intransitive) to provide loans, esp as a profession
4.
(transitive) to impart or contribute (something, esp some abstract quality): her presence lent beauty
5.
(transitive) to provide, esp in order to assist or support: he lent his skill to the company
6.
lend an ear, to listen
7.
lend itself, to possess the right characteristics or qualities for: the novel lends itself to serialization
8.
lend oneself, to give support, cooperation, etc
Derived Forms
lender, noun
Word Origin
C15 lende (originally the past tense), from Old English lǣnan, from lǣnloan1; related to Icelandic lāna, Old High German lēhanōn
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for lent

Lent

n.

late 14c., short for Lenten (n.) "forty days before Easter" (early 12c.), from Old English lencten "springtime, spring," the season, also "the fast of Lent," from West Germanic *langa-tinaz "long-days" (cf. Old Saxon lentin, Middle Dutch lenten, Old High German lengizin manoth), from *lanngaz (root of Old English lang "long;" see long (adj.)) + *tina-, a root meaning "day" (cf. Gothic sin-teins "daily"), cognate with Old Church Slavonic dini, Lithuanian diena, Latin dies "day" (see diurnal).

the compound probably refers to the increasing daylight. Cf. similar form evolution in Dutch lente (Middle Dutch lentin), German Lenz (Old High German lengizin) "spring." Church sense of "period between Ash Wednesday and Easter" is peculiar to English.

lend

v.

late 14c., from Old English lænan "to lend," from læn "loan" (see loan). Cognate with Dutch lenen, Old High German lehanon, German lehnen, also verbs derived from nouns. Past tense form, with terminal -d, became the principal form in Middle English on analogy of bend, send, etc.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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lent in Culture

Lent definition


In Christianity, a time of fasting and repentance in the spring, beginning on Ash Wednesday and ending several weeks later on Easter.

Note: To “give something up for Lent” is to abandon a pleasurable habit as an act of devotion and self-discipline.
The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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