lictor

lictor

[lik-ter]
noun
(in ancient Rome) one of a body of attendants on chief magistrates, who preceded them carrying the fasces and whose duties included executing the sentences of criminals.

Origin:
1580–90; < Latin; compare Middle English littoures

lictorian [lik-tawr-ee-uhn, -tohr-] , adjective
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World English Dictionary
lictor (ˈlɪktə)
 
n
one of a group of ancient Roman officials, usually bearing fasces, who attended magistrates, etc
 
[C16 lictor, C14 littour, from Latin ligāre to bind]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

lictor

member of an ancient Roman class of magisterial attendants, probably Etruscan in origin and dating in Rome from the regal period. Lictors carried the fasces for their magistrate and were constantly in his attendance in public; they cleared his way in crowds and summoned and punished offenders for him. They also served as their magistrate's house guard. In Rome the lictors wore togas; during a consul's triumph or while outside Rome they wore scarlet coats

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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