|mathematics (ˌmæθəˈmætɪks, ˌmæθˈmæt-)|
|1.||(functioning as singular) a group of related sciences, including algebra, geometry, and calculus, concerned with the study of number, quantity, shape, and space and their interrelationships by using a specialized notation|
|2.||(functioning as singular or plural) mathematical operations and processes involved in the solution of a problem or study of some scientific field|
|[C14: mathematik (n), via Latin from Greek (adj), from mathēma a science, mathēmatikos (adj); related to manthanein to learn]|
The study of numbers, equations, functions, and geometric shapes (see geometry) and their relationships. Some branches of mathematics are characterized by use of strict proofs based on axioms. Some of its major subdivisions are arithmetic, algebra, geometry, and calculus.