macrons

macron

[mey-kron, mak-ron]
noun
a horizontal line used as a diacritic over a vowel to indicate that it has a long sound or other specified pronunciation, as (ā) in fate (fāt).

Origin:
1850–55; noun use of Greek makrón, neuter of makrós long. See macro-

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World English Dictionary
macron (ˈmækrɒn)
 
n
a diacritical mark (¯) placed over a letter, used in prosody, in the orthography of some languages, and in several types of phonetic respelling systems, to represent a long vowel
 
[C19: from Greek makron something long, from makros long]

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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

macron
"short horizontal line placed over a vowel to indicate length," 1851, from Gk. makron, neut. of makros "long" (see macro-).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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