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madras

[mad-ruh s, muh-dras, -drahs] /ˈmæd rəs, məˈdræs, -ˈdrɑs/
noun
1.
a light cotton fabric of various weaves, especially one in multicolored plaid or stripes, used for shirts, dresses, jackets, etc.
2.
a thin curtain fabric of a light, gauzelike weave with figures of heavier yarns.
3.
a large, brightly colored kerchief, of silk or cotton, often used for turbans.
adjective
4.
made of or resembling madras.
Origin
1825-1835
1825-35; named after Madras

Madras

[muh-dras, -drahs] /məˈdræs, -ˈdrɑs/
noun
1.
a seaport in and the capital of Tamil Nadu state, in SE India, on the Bay of Bengal.
2.
former name of Tamil Nadu.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for madras

madras

/ˈmædrəs; məˈdræs; -ˈdrɑːs/
noun
1.
  1. a strong fine cotton or silk fabric, usually with a woven stripe
  2. (as modifier): madras cotton
2.
something made of this, esp a scarf
3.
a medium-hot curry: chicken madras
Word Origin
C19: by association with the Madras area

Madras

/məˈdrɑːs; -ˈdræs/
noun
1.
the former official name of Chennai
2.
the former name (until 1968) for the state of Tamil Nadu
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for madras
adj.

1833, in reference to the former Indian state of Madras (modern Chennai, a Tamil name), from which this type of bright-colored muslin cloth was exported. The British fort there dates from 1639; the name sometimes is said to be from Sanskrit mandra, a god of the underworld, but perhaps rather from Arabic madrasa "school" or Portuguese Madre (de Deus).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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