magenta

Dictionary.com Unabridged

Magenta

[muh-jen-tuh]
noun
a town in N Italy, W of Milan: the French and Sardinians defeated the Austrians here 1859.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
magenta (məˈdʒɛntə)
 
n
1.  a.  a deep purplish red that is the complementary colour of green and, with yellow and cyan, forms a set of primary colours
 b.  (as adjective): a magenta filter
2.  another name for fuchsin
 
[C19: named after Magenta, Italy, alluding to the blood shed in a battle there (1859)]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

magenta
1860, in allusion to the Battle of Magenta, in Italy, where the French and Sardinians defeated the Austrians in 1859, because the brilliant crimson aniline dye was discovered shortly after the battle, which advanced the cause of It. independence and fired the imagination of European liberals.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

magenta

town, Lombardia (Lombardy) regione, northern Italy, just west of Milan. Its name is derived from that of Marcus Maxentius, a Roman general and emperor (AD 306-312) who had his headquarters there at Castra Maxentia. The town was the site of the Battle of Magenta (June 4, 1859), fought during the Franco-Piedmontese war against the Austrians (second War of Italian Independence, 1859-61). Napoleon III and his 54,000 troops met 58,000 Austrian troops under General Franz Gyulai in a highly disorganized battle that left some 9,700 dead or injured and 4,600 missing. The narrow French victory over the Austrians was an important step toward Italian independence, for it led many districts and cities, beginning with Bologna on June 12, to throw off Austrian rule and join the cause of Italian unity. The battle is commemorated by an ossuary containing the remains of 9,000 of the dead

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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