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Mameluke

[mam-uh-look] /ˈmæm əˌluk/
noun
1.
a member of a military class, originally composed of slaves, that seized control of the Egyptian sultanate in 1250, ruled until 1517, and remained powerful until massacred or dispersed by Mehemet Ali in 1811.
2.
(lowercase) (in Muslim countries) a slave.
Origin
1505-1515
1505-15; < Arabic mamlūk literally, slave, noun use of past participle of malaka to possess
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for mamelukes

Mameluke

/ˈmæməˌluːk/
noun
1.
a member of a military class, originally of Turkish slaves, ruling in Egypt from about 1250 to 1517 and remaining powerful until crushed in 1811
2.
(in Muslim countries) a slave
Word Origin
C16: via French, ultimately from Arabic mamlūk slave, from malaka to possess
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for mamelukes

Mameluke

Egyptian dynasty 1254-1517, originally a military unit comprised of Caucasian slaves, from Middle French mameluk and directly from Arabic mamluk "purchased slave," literally "possessed," from past participle of malaka "he possessed" (cf. Arabic malik, Hebrew melekh "king").

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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