mamelukes

Mameluke

[mam-uh-look]
noun
1.
a member of a military class, originally composed of slaves, that seized control of the Egyptian sultanate in 1250, ruled until 1517, and remained powerful until massacred or dispersed by Mehemet Ali in 1811.
2.
(lowercase) (in Muslim countries) a slave.

Origin:
1505–15; < Arabic mamlūk literally, slave, noun use of past participle of malaka to possess

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World English Dictionary
Mameluke, Mamaluke or Mamluk (ˈmæməˌluːk, ˈmæmluːk)
 
n
1.  a member of a military class, originally of Turkish slaves, ruling in Egypt from about 1250 to 1517 and remaining powerful until crushed in 1811
2.  (in Muslim countries) a slave
 
[C16: via French, ultimately from Arabic mamlūk slave, from malaka to possess]
 
Mamaluke, Mamaluke or Mamluk
 
n
 
[C16: via French, ultimately from Arabic mamlūk slave, from malaka to possess]
 
Mamluk, Mamaluke or Mamluk
 
n
 
[C16: via French, ultimately from Arabic mamlūk slave, from malaka to possess]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Word Origin & History

Mameluke
1511, Egyptian dynasty 1254-1517, originally a military unit comprised of Caucasian slaves, from Arabic mamluk "purchased slave," lit. "possessed," from pp. of malaka "he possessed" (cf. Arabic malik, Heb. melekh "king").
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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