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[mang-grohv, man-] /ˈmæŋ groʊv, ˈmæn-/
any tropical tree or shrub of the genus Rhizophora, the species of which are mostly low trees growing in marshes or tidal shores, noted for their interlacing above-ground adventitious roots.
any of various similar plants.
1605-15; alteration (by folk etymology) of earlier mangrow < Portuguese mangueTaino Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the web for mangroves
  • Land where mangroves have grown has proved less than ideal for raising shrimp.
  • For instance, coral reefs, coastal wetlands and mangroves provide natural flood and storm protection.
  • Replant the mangroves, the olive trees, and rebuild the dams in the desert.
  • The side of the reef ran perpendicular to the shore and, along with the mangroves, divided the two beaches and their waters.
  • mangroves are trees and shrubs that grow in saline coastal habitats in the tropics and subtropics.
  • Birders enjoy the avian fauna that flock to the mangroves.
  • When visitors arrive they will find a small town atmosphere with an island surrounded by mangroves.
  • The south of the island features salt flats and mangroves inhabited by pink flamingos.
  • Protected marine reserves all over the island mean many of the reefs, mangroves and lagoons remain in pristine condition.
  • The area features mangroves interspersed with sandy beaches.
British Dictionary definitions for mangroves


/ˈmæŋɡrəʊv; ˈmæn-/
  1. any tropical evergreen tree or shrub of the genus Rhizophora, having stiltlike intertwining aerial roots and growing below the highest tide levels in estuaries and along coasts, forming dense thickets: family Rhizophoraceae
  2. (as modifier): mangrove swamp
any of various similar trees or shrubs of the genus Avicennia: family Avicenniaceae
Word Origin
C17 mangrow (changed through influence of grove), from Portuguese mangue, ultimately from Taino
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for mangroves



1610s, mangrow, probably from Spanish mangle, mangue (1530s), which is perhaps from Carib or Arawakan. Modern spelling in English (1690s) is from influence of grove. A Malay origin also has been proposed, but it is difficult to explain how it came to be used for an American plant.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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