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margrave

[mahr-greyv] /ˈmɑr greɪv/
noun
1.
(formerly) the hereditary title of the rulers of certain European states.
2.
History/Historical. a hereditary German title, equivalent to marquis.
3.
(originally) a military governor of a German mark, or border province.
Origin
1545-1555
1545-55; earlier marcgrave < Middle Dutch, equivalent to marke border (cognate with march2) + grave count (cognate with reeve1); compare German Markgraf
Related forms
margravial, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for mar-grave's

margrave

/ˈmɑːˌɡreɪv/
noun
1.
a German nobleman ranking above a count. Margraves were originally counts appointed to govern frontier provinces, but all had become princes of the Holy Roman Empire by the 12th century
Word Origin
C16: from Middle Dutch markgrave, literally: count of the march²
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for mar-grave's
margrave
military governor of a Ger. border province, 1551, from M.Du. markgrave, from O.H.G. marcgravo; second element from graf "count, earl" (O.H.G. gravo, gravjo; for first element see mark (1)).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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