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margarite

[mahr-guh-rahyt] /ˈmɑr gəˌraɪt/
noun
1.
Mineralogy.
  1. a gray, pink, or yellow mica, occurring in brittle monoclinic crystals.
  2. an aggregate of small, rudimentary crystals resembling minute globules in a row: found in glassy volcanic rocks.
2.
Obsolete. a pearl.
Origin
1000
before 1000; Middle English, Old English: pearl < Latin margarīta < Greek margarī́tēs, perhaps < Iranian (compare Pahlavi marvārīt pearl), with final element conformed to Greek -ītēs -ite1
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for margarite

margarite

/ˈmɑːɡəˌraɪt/
noun
1.
a pink pearly micaceous mineral consisting of hydrated calcium aluminium silicate. Formula: CaAl4Si2O10(OH)2
2.
an aggregate of minute beadlike masses occurring in some glassy igneous rocks
Word Origin
C19: via German from Greek margaron pearl
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for margarite
n.

"a pearl," late Old English, from Late Latin margarita (see Margaret). Figuratively, "that which is precious or excellent, a priceless quality or attribute;" also used as an epithet for Christ, Mary, etc., late 13c. Also margerie (mid-14c.).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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