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margrave

[mahr-greyv] /ˈmɑr greɪv/
noun
1.
(formerly) the hereditary title of the rulers of certain European states.
2.
History/Historical. a hereditary German title, equivalent to marquis.
3.
(originally) a military governor of a German mark, or border province.
Origin
1545-1555
1545-55; earlier marcgrave < Middle Dutch, equivalent to marke border (cognate with march2) + grave count (cognate with reeve1); compare German Markgraf
Related forms
margravial, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for margraves'

margrave

/ˈmɑːˌɡreɪv/
noun
1.
a German nobleman ranking above a count. Margraves were originally counts appointed to govern frontier provinces, but all had become princes of the Holy Roman Empire by the 12th century
Word Origin
C16: from Middle Dutch markgrave, literally: count of the march²
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for margraves'

margrave

n.

military governor of a German border province, 1550s, from Middle Dutch markgrave (Dutch markgraaf), literally "count of the border," from Old High German marcgravo; second element from graf "count, earl" (Old High German gravo, gravjo), from West Germanic *grafa "a designation of rank, possibly borrowed from Greek grapheus "scribe." For first element see mark (n.1). Later a hereditary title under the Holy Roman Empire. His wife was a margravine.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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