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marshal

[mahr-shuh l] /ˈmɑr ʃəl/
noun
1.
a military officer of the highest rank, as in the French and some other armies.
Compare field marshal.
2.
an administrative officer of a U.S. judicial district who performs duties similar to those of a sheriff.
3.
a court officer serving processes, attending court, giving personal service to the judges, etc.
4.
the chief of a police or fire department in some cities.
5.
a police officer in some communities.
7.
a higher officer of a royal household or court.
8.
an official charged with the arrangement or regulation of ceremonies, parades, etc.:
the marshal of the St. Patrick's Day parade.
verb (used with object), marshaled, marshaling or (especially British) marshalled, marshalling.
9.
to arrange in proper order; set out in an orderly manner; arrange clearly:
to marshal facts; to marshal one's arguments.
10.
to array, as for battle.
11.
to usher or lead ceremoniously:
Their host marshaled them into the room.
12.
Heraldry. to combine (two or more coats of arms) on a single escutcheon.
Origin
1225-1275
1225-75; Middle English marshal, syncopated variant of mareschal < Old French < Germanic; compare Old High German marahscalh groom, equivalent to marah horse (see mare1) + scalh servant, cognate with Old English scealc
Related forms
marshalcy, marshalship, noun
marshaler; especially British, marshaller, noun
remarshal, verb (used with object), remarshaled, remarshaling or (especially British) remarshalled, remarshalling.
submarshal, noun
undermarshal, noun
unmarshaled, adjective
unmarshalled, adjective
Can be confused
marshal, marital, martial.
Synonyms
9. order, dispose; convoke. See gather.
Antonyms
9. scatter.

Marshall

[mahr-shuh l] /ˈmɑr ʃəl/
noun
1.
Alfred, 1842–1924, English economist.
2.
George C(atlett)
[kat-lit] /ˈkæt lɪt/ (Show IPA),
1880–1959, U.S. general and statesman: secretary of state 1947–49; Nobel Peace Prize 1953.
3.
John, 1755–1835, U.S. jurist and statesman: chief justice of the U.S. 1801–35.
4.
Thomas Riley, 1854–1925, vice president of the U.S. 1913–21.
5.
Thurgood
[thur-goo d] /ˈθɜr gʊd/ (Show IPA),
1908–93, U.S. jurist: associate justice of the U.S. Supreme Court 1967–91.
6.
a city in NE Texas.
7.
a town in central Missouri.
8.
a town in SW Minnesota.
9.
Also, Marshal. a male given name.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for marshals
  • On his death bed, his marshals asked him to whom he bequeathed his kingdom.
British Dictionary definitions for marshals

marshal

/ˈmɑːʃəl/
noun
1.
(in some armies and air forces) an officer of the highest rank
2.
(in England) an officer, usually a junior barrister, who accompanies a judge on circuit and performs miscellaneous secretarial duties
3.
(in the US)
  1. a Federal court officer assigned to a judicial district whose functions are similar to those of a sheriff
  2. (in some states) the chief police or fire officer
4.
an officer who organizes or conducts ceremonies, parades, etc
5.
Also called knight marshal. (formerly in England) an officer of the royal family or court, esp one in charge of protocol
6.
an obsolete word for ostler
verb (transitive) -shals, -shalling, -shalled (US) -shals, -shaling, -shaled
7.
to arrange in order: to marshal the facts
8.
to assemble and organize (troops, vehicles, etc) prior to onward movement
9.
to arrange (assets, mortgages, etc) in order of priority
10.
to guide or lead, esp in a ceremonious way
11.
to combine (two or more coats of arms) on one shield
Derived Forms
marshalcy, marshalship, noun
marshaller, (US) marshaler, noun
Word Origin
C13: from Old French mareschal; related to Old High German marahscalc groom, from marah horse + scalc servant

Marshall

/ˈmɑːʃəl/
noun
1.
Alfred. 1842–1924, English economist, author of Principles of Economics (1890)
2.
George Catlett. 1880–1959, US general and statesman. He was chief of staff of the US army (1939–45) and, as secretary of state (1947–49), he proposed the Marshall Plan (1947), later called the European Recovery Programme: Nobel peace prize 1953
3.
John. 1755–1835, US jurist and statesman. As chief justice of the Supreme Court (1801–35), he established the principles of US constitutional law
4.
Sir John Ross. 1912–88, New Zealand politician; prime minister (1972)
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for marshals

marshal

n.

early 13c. as a surname; mid-13c. as "high officer of the royal court;" from Old French mareschal "commanding officer of an army; officer in charge of a household" (Modern French maréchal), originally "stable officer, horse tender, groom" (Frankish Latin mariscaluis) from Frankish *marhskalk or a similar Germanic word, literally "horse-servant" (cf. Old High German marahscalc "groom," Middle Dutch maerschalc), from Proto-Germanic *markhaz "horse" (see mare (1)) + *skalkaz "servant" (cf. Old English scealc "servant, retainer, member of a crew," Dutch schalk "rogue, wag," Gothic skalks "servant").

Cognate with Old English horsþegn. From c.1300 as "stable officer;" early 14c. as "military commander, general in the army." For development history, cf. constable. Also from Germanic are Italian scalco "steward," Spanish mariscal "marshal."

v.

early 15c., "to tend (horses)," from marshal (n.). Meaning "to arrange, place in order" is from mid-15c.; that of "to arrange for fighting" is from mid-15c. Figurative use by 1690s. Related: Marshaled; marshaling.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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