masticate

[mas-ti-keyt]
verb (used with object), verb (used without object), masticated, masticating.
1.
to chew.
2.
to reduce to a pulp by crushing or kneading, as rubber.

Origin:
1640–50; < Late Latin masticātus, past participle of masticāre to chew. See mastic, -ate1

masticable [mas-ti-kuh-buhl] , adjective
mastication, noun
masticator, noun
half-masticated, adjective
remasticate, verb, remasticated, remasticating.
remastication, noun
unmasticated, adjective
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World English Dictionary
masticate (ˈmæstɪˌkeɪt)
 
vb
1.  to chew (food)
2.  to reduce (materials such as rubber) to a pulp by crushing, grinding, or kneading
 
[C17: from Late Latin masticāre, from Greek mastikhan to grind the teeth]
 
'masticable
 
adj
 
masti'cation
 
n
 
'masticator
 
n

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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

mastication
1560s, from L. masticationem (nom. masticatio), from masticare "to chew" (cf. O.Fr. maschier, Fr. mâcher), probably from Gk. mastikhan "to gnash the teeth," related to mastax "mouth, jaws," and masasthai "to chew," from PIE *menth- "to chew, mouth" (cf. L. mandere "to chew," Goth. munþs,
O.E. muð "mouth").

masticate
1640s, from L.L. masticat-, pp. stem of masticare (see mastication). Related: Masticated; masticating.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

masticate mas·ti·cate (mās'tĭ-kāt')
v. mas·ti·cat·ed, mas·ti·cat·ing, mas·ti·cates
To chew food.


mas'ti·ca'tion n.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
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Example sentences
Mastication effort is less important than the size of the material being masticated.
Mechanical mastication of shrubs and small trees has become a popular method of fuels management.
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