[mey-er, mair]
the chief executive official, usually elected, of a city, village, or town.
the chief magistrate of a city or borough.

1250–1300; < Medieval Latin major major; replacing Middle English mer, mair < Old French maire

mayoral, adjective
mayorship, noun

mare, mayor. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
mayor (mɛə)
Scottish equivalent: provost the chairman and civic head of a municipal corporation in many countries
[C13: from Old French maire, from Latin maior greater. See major]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

c.1300, from O.Fr. maire "head of a city or town government" (13c.), originally "greater, superior" (adj.), from L. maior, major, comp. of magnus "great" (see magnum).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
And today they received the grateful thanks of the modern city's mayor.
The mayor of the tidy nearby town brought out souvenir bottles of schnapps.
Oh, and to make it work, you need a mayor who isn't elected.
For weeks now, the two major candidates for mayor here have been offering
  competing portrayals of themselves as reformers.
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