|full name Michelangelo Buonarroti. 1475--1564, Florentine sculptor, painter, architect, and poet; one of the outstanding figures of the Renaissance. Among his creations are the sculptures of David (1504) and of Moses which was commissioned for the tomb of Julius II, for whom he also painted the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel (1508--12). The Last Judgment (1533--41), also in the Sistine, includes a torturous vision of Hell and a disguised self-portrait. His other works include the design of the Laurentian Library (1523--29) and of the dome of St Peter's, Rome|
An Italian painter, sculptor, and architect of the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries. Among many achievements in a life of nearly ninety years, Michelangelo sculpted the David and several versions of the Pietà, painted the ceiling and rear wall of the Sistine Chapel, and served as one of the architects of Saint Peter's Basilica, designing its famous dome. He is considered one of the greatest artists of all time.