|Also called: Moldavia a republic in SE Europe: comprising the E part of the former principality of Moldavia, the E part of which (Bessarabia) was ceded to the Soviet Union in 1940 and formed the Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic until it gained independence in 1991; an agricultural region with many vineyards. Official language: Romanian. Religion: nonreligious and Christian. Currency: leu. Capital: Chişinǎu (Kishinev). Pop: 4 263 000 (2004 est). Area: 33 670 sq km (13 000 sq miles)|
Note: This former member of the Soviet Union declared its independence in 1991.
Note: The Soviet Union took Moldova from Romania in 1940; most of its people speak Romanian.