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Mongoloid

[mong-guh-loid, mon-] /ˈmɒŋ gəˌlɔɪd, ˈmɒn-/
adjective
1.
resembling the Mongols.
2.
Anthropology. (no longer in technical use) of, relating to, or characteristic of one of the traditional racial divisions of humankind, marked by prominent cheekbones, epicanthic folds about the eyes, and straight black hair, and including the Mongols, Manchus, Chinese, Koreans, Japanese, Annamese, Siamese, Burmese, Tibetans, and, to some extent, the Eskimos and the American Indians.
3.
(often lowercase) Pathology. (no longer in technical use; now considered offensive) of, affected with, or characteristic of Down syndrome.
noun
4.
Anthropology. (no longer in technical use) a member of the peoples traditionally classified as the Mongoloid race.
5.
(usually lowercase) Pathology. (no longer in technical use; now considered offensive) a person affected with Down syndrome.
Origin
1865-1870
1865-70; Mongol + -oid
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for Mongoloid

mongoloid

/ˈmɒŋɡəˌlɔɪd/
adjective
1.
relating to or characterized by Down's syndrome
noun
2.
a person affected by Down's syndrome

Mongoloid

/ˈmɒŋɡəˌlɔɪd/
adjective
1.
denoting, relating to, or belonging to one of the supposed racial groups of mankind, including most of the peoples of Asia, the Inuit, and the North American Indians
noun
2.
a member of this group
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for Mongoloid

1868 as a racial designation, from Mongol + -oid.

mongoloid

in reference to the genetic defect causing mental retardation (mongolism), 1899, from Mongoloid. So called for facial appearance. See Down's Syndrome. Such people were called Mongolian from 1866.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Mongoloid in Medicine

Mongoloid Mon·gol·oid or mon·gol·oid (mŏng'gə-loid', mŏn'-)
adj.
Of or relating to Down syndrome. Not in technical use. n.
A person affected with Down syndrome. No longer in technical use. Now considered offensive.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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