city, seat (1872) of Clay county, western Minnesota, U.S. It lies along the Red River of the North across from Fargo, North Dakota, in a mixed-farming area. Founded with the coming of the railroad in 1871, it was a natural transportation hub and river-crossing point, with overland road and rail traffic meeting the barges and, later, steamboats on the river. The city was named for William G. Moorhead, a director of the Northern Pacific Railway Company. Moorhead's agriculture-based economy depends chiefly on sugar-beet refining and the growing of crops such as sugar beets, wheat, barley, and potatoes. The service sector is also important. The city is the seat of Minnesota State University Moorhead (1885) and Concordia College (1891). Comstock House (1882), a restored home with its original furnishings, is a popular attraction. The city's Scandinavian roots are celebrated through the Heritage Hjemkomst Interpretive Center, which contains a replica Viking ship and a replica stave church, and an annual festival in June. Buffalo River State Park is to the east. Inc. 1881. Pop. (1990) city, 32,295; Fargo-Moorhead MSA, 153,296; (2000) city, 32,177; Fargo-Moorhead MSA, 174,367.
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