Karl Friedrich Hieronymus [kahrl free-drikh hee-ey-roh-ny-moos] , Baron von [fuhn] , 1720–97, German soldier, adventurer, and teller of tales.
English Munchausen [muhn-chou-zuhn, muhnch-hou-, muhn-chaw-] .

Munchausenism, noun Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
Munchausen (German ˈmynçhauzən)
1.  an exaggerated story
2.  a person who tells such a story
[C19: after Baron Münchhausen, subject of a series of exaggerated adventure tales written in English by R. E. Raspe (1737--94)]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin & History

in allusion to unbelievable stories (1850) is in reference to Baron Karl Friedrich Hieronymus von Münchhausen (1720-1797), Ger. adventurer who served in the Russian army against the Turks; wildly exaggerated exploits attributed to him are told in the 1785 English book "Baron Munchausen, Narrative
of his Marvellous Travels," written by Rudolph Erich Raspe (1734-1794). As a syndrome involving feigned dramatic illness, it is attested from 1951.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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