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naive

[nah-eev] /nɑˈiv/
adjective
1.
having or showing unaffected simplicity of nature or absence of artificiality; unsophisticated; ingenuous.
2.
having or showing a lack of experience, judgment, or information; credulous:
She's so naive she believes everything she reads. He has a very naive attitude toward politics.
3.
having or marked by a simple, unaffectedly direct style reflecting little or no formal training or technique:
valuable naive 19th-century American portrait paintings.
4.
not having previously been the subject of a scientific experiment, as an animal.
Also, naïve.
Origin
1645-1655
1645-55; < French, feminine of naïf, Old French naif natural, instinctive < Latin nātīvus native
Related forms
naively, adverb
naiveness, noun
unnaive, adjective
unnaively, adverb
Synonyms
1. simple, unaffected, unsuspecting, artless, guileless, candid, open, plain.
Antonyms
1. sophisticated, artful.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for naïve
  • David is naive, but he's not that naive.
  • But of course to have found fault reveals the naïve temper of criticism in the late seventies.
  • It is sophisticated and naïve simultaneously, sometimes in the same symbols that they use.
  • Some evidence suggests that those who are ignorant or naïve are subject to manipulation by a loud, opinionated minority.
  • It would be naïve to pick up the memoir of a recently retired politician expecting total candor.
  • But protesting against war may not have seemed so futile or naïve in the nineteen-thirties.
  • But the way endowments actually work made a naïve fantasy of that simple, heartfelt dream.
  • Moreover, an apparently naïve query may be a test of how well you can respond to uninformed students.
  • If there is a failing in this book, it is that the authors sometimes stray toward naïve optimism.
  • He was completely naïve to the ways to package and sell the product, not to mention finance his early investments.
British Dictionary definitions for naïve

naive

/naɪˈiːv/
adjective
1.
  1. having or expressing innocence and credulity; ingenuous
  2. (as collective noun; preceded by the): only the naive believed him
2.
artless or unsophisticated
3.
lacking developed powers of analysis, reasoning, or criticism: a naive argument
4.
another word for primitive (sense 5)
noun
5.
(rare) a person who is naive, esp in artistic style See primitive (sense 10)
Derived Forms
naively, naïvely, naïfly, adverb
naiveness, naïveness, naïfness, noun
Word Origin
C17: from French, feminine of naïf, from Old French naif native, spontaneous, from Latin nātīvusnative, from nasci to be born
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for naïve

naive

adj.

1650s, "natural, simple, artless," from French naïve, fem. of naïf, from Old French naif "naive, natural, genuine; just born; foolish, innocent; unspoiled, unworked" (13c.), from Latin nativus "not artificial," also "native, rustic," literally "born, innate, natural" (see native (adj.)). Related: Naively.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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naïve in Medicine

naive na·ive or na·ïve (nä-ēv') or na·if or na·ïf (nä-ēf')
adj.

  1. Lacking worldliness and sophistication.

  2. Simple and credulous as a child.

  3. Not previously subjected to experiments.

  4. Not having previously taken or received a particular drug.

n.
One who is artless, credulous, or uncritical.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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