noun, plural neocortices [nee-oh-kawr-tuh-seez] .
the largest and evolutionarily most recent portion of the cerebral cortex, composed of complex, layered tissue, the site of most of the higher brain functions.
Also called neopallium.

1905–10; neo- + cortex

neocortical [nee-oh-kawr-ti-kuhl] , adjective Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

neocortex ne·o·cor·tex (nē'ō-kôr'těks')
See isocortex.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Example sentences
The neocortex, on the outer surface of the brain, mediates conscious thought and stores long-term memories.
In fact, the limbic system as well as the neocortex remains largely undeveloped.
Mushroom bodies are the insect equivalent of the human neocortex, the outer layer of our brain, which handles complex cognition.
The signals then spread to the neocortex, which is thought to give rise to conscious thought.
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