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founded 1718 as Nouvelle Orléans, in honor of French regent Philippe, duc d’Orléans (1674-1723); anglicized after purchase by the U.S. in 1803.
Port city in southeastern Louisiana.
Note: Dominated by Creole culture, which stemmed from the French settlers of the southern United States.
Note: Jazz originated in the late nineteenth century among black musicians of New Orleans.
Note: Mardi Gras is celebrated there each year.
Note: In the Battle of New Orleans (1815), Andrew Jackson, not having yet received word that the Treaty of Ghent had ended the War of 1812, repulsed the British assault on the city.