Newcastle disease

Newcastle disease

noun Veterinary Pathology.
a rapidly spreading virus-induced disease of birds and domestic fowl, as chickens, marked by respiratory difficulty, reduced egg production and, in chicks, paralysis.


Origin:
after Newcastle-upon-Tyne, near which the disease was first reported in 1927

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World English Dictionary
Newcastle disease
 
n
an acute viral disease of birds, esp poultry, characterized by pneumonia and inflammation of the central nervous system
 
[C20: named after Newcastle upon Tyne, where it was recorded in 1926]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Encyclopedia Britannica
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newcastle disease

a serious viral disease of birds caused by a paramyxovirus and marked by respiratory and nervous system problems. Some adult birds recover, although mortality rates are high in tropical and subtropical regions. Young chickens are especially susceptible and rarely survive. Signs are variable in turkeys and almost absent in ducks. There is no effective treatment. Vaccines are available and are given repeatedly for best protection. Humans can become infected by handling sick birds but usually develop only a temporary conjunctivitis (inflammation of the mucous membrane lining the inner surface of the eyelid).

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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