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nighthawk

[nahyt-hawk] /ˈnaɪtˌhɔk/
noun
1.
any of several longwinged, American goatsuckers of the genus Chordeiles, related to the whippoorwill, especially C. minor, having variegated black, white, and buff plumage.
2.
the European goatsucker or nightjar, Caprimulgus europaeus.
3.
Informal. a person who is habitually up or moving about late at night; night owl.
Origin
1605-1615
1605-15; night + hawk1
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for night-hawk

nighthawk

/ˈnaɪtˌhɔːk/
noun
1.
Also called bullbat, mosquito hawk. any American nightjar of the genus Chordeiles and related genera, having a dark plumage and, in the male, white patches on the wings and tail
2.
(informal) another name for night owl
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for night-hawk
n.

from 1610s in reference to various birds, from night + hawk (n.). Figurative sense of "one who stays up and is active at night" is from 1818.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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night-hawk in the Bible

(Heb. tahmas) occurs only in the list of unclean birds (Lev. 11:16; Deut. 14:15). This was supposed to be the night-jar (Caprimulgus), allied to the swifts. The Hebrew word is derived from a root meaning "to scratch or tear the face," and may be best rendered, in accordance with the ancient versions, "an owl" (Strix flammea). The Revised Version renders "night-hawk."

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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Difficulty index for nighthawk

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Word Value for night

9
10
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