a member of a people or tribe that has no permanent abode but moves about from place to place, usually seasonally and often following a traditional route or circuit according to the state of the pasturage or food supply.
any wanderer; itinerant.

1580–90; < Latin nomad- < Greek, stem of nomás pasturing flocks, akin to némein to pasture, graze

nomadism, noun
nonnomad, noun, adjective
seminomad, noun
seminomadism, noun Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
nomad (ˈnəʊmæd)
1.  a member of a people or tribe who move from place to place to find pasture and food
2.  a person who continually moves from place to place; wanderer
[C16: via French from Latin nomas wandering shepherd, from Greek; related to nemein to feed, pasture]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin & History

1555, from M.Fr. nomade, from L. Nomas (gen. Nomadis) "wandering groups in Arabia," from Gk. nomas (gen. nomados, pl. nomades) "roaming, roving, wandering" (to find pastures for flocks or herds), related to nomos "pasture," lit. "land allotted," and to nemein "put to pasture," originally "deal out,"
from PIE base *nem- "to divide, distribute, allot" (see nemesis).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Abbreviations & Acronyms
Navy Oceanographic Meteorological Association
The American Heritage® Abbreviations Dictionary, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Example sentences
The new liquid abundance attracted hordes of unwanted nomads.
Nomads are constantly juggling the social rights of colleagues, relatives and
  friends, as well as their own right to downtime.
Nomads of all ages dine on the meat and dairy products of their herds.
They are nomads that live in unpredictable habitat--meadows that can quickly
  dry up.
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