North Rhine-Westphalia

North Rhine-Westphalia

[rahyn-west-fey-lee-uh, -feyl-yuh]
noun
a state in W Germany; formerly a part of Rhine province. 13,154 sq. mi. (34,070 sq. km). Capital: Düsseldorf.
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North Rhine-Westphalia
 
n
German name: Nordrhein-Westfalen a state of W Germany: formed in 1946 by the amalgamation of the Prussian province of Westphalia with the N part of the Prussian Rhine province and later with the state of Lippe; part of West Germany until 1990: highly industrialized. Capital: Düsseldorf. Pop: 18 080 000 (2003 est). Area: 34 039 sq km (13 142 sq miles)

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Encyclopedia Britannica
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north rhine-westphalia

Land (state) of western Germany. It is bordered by the states of Lower Saxony to the north and northeast, Hessen to the east, and Rhineland-Palatinate to the south and by the countries of Belgium to the southwest and The Netherlands to the west. The state of North Rhine-Westphalia was created in 1946 through the amalgamation of the former Prussian province of Westphalia and the northern portion of the Prussian Rhine province; the former state of Lippe was incorporated in 1947. (See also Lippe; Rhineland; Westphalia.) The principalities that existed until about 1800 in the area are recalled by regional names: Munsterland in the north, Sauerland in the southeast, and Berg in the vicinity of the cities of Dusseldorf and Cologne. The state capital is Dusseldorf

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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