What's the difference between i.e. and e.g.?
Land (state) of western Germany. It is bordered by the states of Lower Saxony to the north and northeast, Hessen to the east, and Rhineland-Palatinate to the south and by the countries of Belgium to the southwest and The Netherlands to the west. The state of North Rhine-Westphalia was created in 1946 through the amalgamation of the former Prussian province of Westphalia and the northern portion of the Prussian Rhine province; the former state of Lippe was incorporated in 1947. (See also Lippe; Rhineland; Westphalia.) The principalities that existed until about 1800 in the area are recalled by regional names: Munsterland in the north, Sauerland in the southeast, and Berg in the vicinity of the cities of Dusseldorf and Cologne. The state capital is Dusseldorf