|Norwegian name: Norge a kingdom in NW Europe, occupying the W part of the Scandinavian peninsula: first united in the Viking age (800--1050); under the rule of Denmark (1523--1814) and Sweden (1814--1905); became an independent monarchy in 1905. Its coastline is deeply indented by fjords and fringed with islands, rising inland to plateaus and mountains. Norway has a large fishing fleet and its merchant navy is among the world's largest. Official language: Norwegian. Official religion: Evangelical Lutheran. Currency: krone. Capital: Oslo. Pop: 4 552 000 (2004 est). Area: 323 878 sq km (125 050 sq miles)|
Note: Norway was occupied by German troops in World War II.