Quiz: Remember the definition of mal de mer?
city, Krasnodar kray (region), southwestern Russia. It lies at the head of Tsemes Bay on the northeastern coast of the Black Sea. Founded as a fortress in 1838, it developed as a seaport, especially after the coming of the railway in 1888. In pre-Revolutionary days Novorossiysk was the largest grain-exporting port of Russia after Odessa. It is still a major Russian port on the Black Sea, with a naval base, shipbuilding yards, a refrigeration plant, grain elevators, and an oil-pipeline terminal. Novorossiysk is now one of the largest producers of cement in Russia. Pop. (1993 est.) 191,600.