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orthodox

[awr-thuh-doks] /ˈɔr θəˌdɒks/
adjective
1.
of, relating to, or conforming to the approved form of any doctrine, philosophy, ideology, etc.
2.
of, relating to, or conforming to beliefs, attitudes, or modes of conduct that are generally approved.
3.
customary or conventional, as a means or method; established.
4.
sound or correct in opinion or doctrine, especially theological or religious doctrine.
5.
conforming to the Christian faith as represented in the creeds of the early church.
6.
(initial capital letter) of, relating to, or designating the Eastern Church, especially the Greek Orthodox Church.
7.
(initial capital letter) of, relating to, or characteristic of Orthodox Jews or Orthodox Judaism.
Origin
1575-1585
1575-85; < Late Latin orthodoxus right in religion < Late Greek orthódoxos, equivalent to ortho- ortho- + dóx(a) belief, opinion + -os adj. suffix
Related forms
orthodoxly, adverb
orthodoxness, noun
antiorthodox, adjective
antiorthodoxly, adverb
hyperorthodox, adjective
nonorthodox, adjective
nonorthodoxly, adverb
pro-orthodox, adjective
semiorthodox, adjective
semiorthodoxly, adverb
ultraorthodox, adjective
unorthodox, adjective
Synonyms
3. traditional, commonplace, routine, fixed.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for orthodox
  • According to orthodox science, this can occur only under extreme conditions, as in stars or nuclear reactors.
  • The apostates signalized themselves above others by the cruelties which they exercised upon the orthodox.
  • The chimneys in tenement-house alleys were never built on a plan generous enough to let him in in the orthodox way.
  • They also include theologians representing a variety of religions and views, from orthodox to progressive.
  • Xu was candid about the skepticism, even disdain, that his proposal engenders among orthodox archaeologists.
  • Their views can rapidly shift from being considered deviant to being considered orthodox.
  • More orthodox measures aimed at limiting the franc's rise have proved ineffective.
  • Here is an example of a problem with orthodox economic belief.
  • Yet contrary to repeated forecasts of doom from orthodox economists, the economy is roaring.
  • orthodox taxation principles would suggest that the rate be cut and the base broadened to raise legitimacy and compliance.
British Dictionary definitions for orthodox

orthodox

/ˈɔːθəˌdɒks/
adjective
1.
conforming with established or accepted standards, as in religion, behaviour, or attitudes
2.
conforming to the Christian faith as established by the early Church
Derived Forms
orthodoxly, adverb
Word Origin
C16: via Church Latin from Greek orthodoxos, from orthos correct + doxa belief

Orthodox

/ˈɔːθəˌdɒks/
adjective
1.
of or relating to the Orthodox Church of the East
2.
(sometimes not capital)
  1. of or relating to Orthodox Judaism
  2. (of an individual Jew) strict in the observance of Talmudic law and in personal devotions
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for orthodox
adj.

mid-15c., of opinions, faith, from Late Latin orthodoxus, from Greek orthodoxos "having the right opinion," from orthos "right, true, straight" (see ortho-) + doxa "opinion, praise," from dokein "to seem," from PIE root *dek- "to take, accept" (see decent). As the name of the Eastern Church, first recorded in English 1772; in reference to a branch of Judaism, first recorded 1853.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Encyclopedia Article for orthodox

(from Greek orthodoxos, "of the right opinion"), true doctrine and its adherents as opposed to heterodox or heretical doctrines and their adherents. The word was first used in early 4th-century Christianity by the Greek Fathers. Because almost every Christian group believes that it holds the true faith (though not necessarily exclusively), the meaning of "orthodox" in a particular instance can be correctly determined only after examination of the context in which it appears.

Learn more about orthodox with a free trial on Britannica.com
Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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