[pohl-kuh, poh-kuh]
noun, plural polkas.
a lively couple dance of Bohemian origin, with music in duple meter.
a piece of music for such a dance or in its rhythm.
verb (used without object), polkaed, polkaing.
to dance the polka.

1835–45; < Czech: literally, Polish woman or girl; compare Polish polka Polish woman, polak Pole

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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
polka (ˈpɒlkə)
n , pl -kas
1.  a 19th-century Bohemian dance with three steps and a hop, in fast duple time
2.  a piece of music composed for or in the rhythm of this dance
vb , -kas, -kas, -kaing, -kaed
3.  (intr) to dance a polka
[C19: via French from Czech pulka half-step, from pul half]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

1844, from Fr., from Czech polka, the dance, lit. "Polish woman" (Polish Polka), fem. of Polak "a Pole." The word may also be an alteration of Czech pulka "half," for the half-steps of Bohemian peasant dances. The dance was in vogue first in Prague, 1835; it reached London by the spring of 1842. Polka
dot is first recorded 1884 and is named for the dance, for no reason except its popularity, which led to many contemporary products and fashions taking the name.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary

polka definition

A lively dance for couples, originating in eastern Europe.

Note: Johann Strauss, the Younger wrote many polkas.
The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Computing Dictionary

Polka definition

An object-oriented parallel logic programming language, built on top of Parlog.
["Polka: A Parlog Object-Oriented Language", Andrew Davison, TR, Parlog Group, Imperial College, London 1988].

The Free On-line Dictionary of Computing, © Denis Howe 2010 http://foldoc.org
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Example sentences
And straightway all her polka-dots began a lively dance.
Use round stickers, available from office supply stores, to create a polka-dot
The royal opted for courtroom glam, showing off a polka-dot sheath dress and
  satin overcoat.
His inventory of outfits included paper bibs, loud polka-dot shirts, a double
  tie that he'd match with a sequined jacket.
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