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early 15c. (late 12c. as a surname), from Old French parent "father, parent, relative, kin" (11c.), from Latin parentem (nominative parens) "father or mother, ancestor," noun use of present participle of parere "bring forth, give birth to, produce," from PIE root *pere- "to bring forth" (see pare). Began to replace native elder after c.1500.
parent par·ent (pâr'ənt, pār'-)
One who begets, gives birth to, or nurtures and raises a child; a father or a mother.
An ancestor; a progenitor.
An organism that produces or generates offspring.
To act as a parent to; to rear and nurture.
To cause to come into existence; to serve as a source for; originate.