1526, native or inhabitant of Parthia (ancient kingdom northeast of Persia in western Asia), from O.Pers. Parthava- "Parthian," dial. variant of the stem Parsa-, source of Persia. Phrase Parthian shot (1590) is in ref. to their horsemen, who were expert at racing forward,
turning, and shooting arrows backward at the moment of retreat.
were present in Jerusalem at Pentecost (Acts 2:9). Parthia lay on the east of Media and south of Hyrcania, which separated it from the Caspian Sea. It corresponded with the western half of the modern Khorasan, and now forms a part of Persia.