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penult

[pee-nuhlt, pi-nuhlt] /ˈpi nʌlt, pɪˈnʌlt/
noun
1.
the next to the last syllable in a word.
Also, penultima
[pi-nuhl-tuh-muh] /pɪˈnʌl tə mə/ (Show IPA)
.
Origin
1530-1540
1530-40; < Latin paenultima (syllaba), contraction of paene ultima almost the last; see pen-, ultima
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for penultima

penult

/ˈpɛnʌlt; pɪˈnʌlt/
noun
1.
the last syllable but one in a word
Word Origin
C16: Latin paenultima syllaba, from paene ultima almost the last
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for penultima
n.

1580s, from Latin penultima (syllaba), "the next to the last syllable of a word or verse," from fem. of Latin adjective penultimus "next-to-last," from paene "almost" + ultimus "final" (see ultimate).

penult

adj.

"last but one," 1530s, abbreviation of penultima. As a noun from 1570s.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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