Phoenician

Phoenician

[fi-nish-uhn, -nee-shuhn]
noun
1.
a native or inhabitant of Phoenicia.
2.
the extinct Semitic language of the Phoenicians.
adjective
3.
of or pertaining to Phoenicia, its people, or their language.
4.
noting or pertaining to the script used for the writing of Phoenician from the 11th century b.c. or earlier and from which were derived the Greek, Roman, and all other Western alphabets.

Origin:
1350–1400; Middle English; see Phoenicia, -an

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World English Dictionary
Phoenician (fəˈniːʃən, -ˈnɪʃɪən)
 
n
1.  a member of an ancient Semitic people of NW Syria who dominated the trade of the ancient world in the first millennium bc and founded colonies throughout the Mediterranean
2.  the extinct language of this people, belonging to the Canaanitic branch of the Semitic subfamily of the Afro-Asiatic family
 
adj
3.  of or relating to Phoenicia, the Phoenicians, or their language

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

Phoenician
late 14c., from M.Fr. phenicien, from L. Phoenice, from Gk. Phoinike, perhaps lit. "land of the purple" (source of purple dye). Identical with phoenix (q.v.), but the relationship is obscure.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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