Pre-Raphaelite

Pre-Raphaelite

[pree-raf-ee-uh-lahyt, -rey-fee-]
noun
1.
any of a group of English artists (Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood) formed in 1848, and including Holman Hunt, John Everett Millais, and Dante Gabriel Rossetti, who aimed to revive the style and spirit of the Italian artists before the time of Raphael.
adjective
2.
of, pertaining to, or characteristic of the Pre-Raphaelites.

Origin:
1840–50; pre- + Raphael + -ite1

Pre-Raphaelitism, noun
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World English Dictionary
Pre-Raphaelite (ˌpriːˈræfəlaɪt)
 
n
1.  a member of the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood, an association of British painters and writers including Rossetti, Holman Hunt, and Millais, founded in 1848 to combat the shallow conventionalism of academic painting and revive the fidelity to nature and the vivid realistic colour that they considered typical of Italian painting before Raphael
 
adj
2.  of, in the manner of, or relating to Pre-Raphaelite painting and painters
 
Pre-'Raphaelitism
 
n

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

Pre-Raphaelite
c.1848, the "brotherhood" (founded 1847) of Holman Hunt, Dante Gabriel Rossetti, John Everett Millais, and others who, encouraged by Ruskin, sought to revive the naturalistic spirit of art in the age before Raphael Sanzio (1483-1520).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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